Windows NT Tips & Tricks
1. Securing Hard Disk Drive Mappings
Windows NT4.0 with service Pack or later must be loaded for this to work.
Have you ever wanted to prevent users from changing their drive mapping?
If so, you can prevent Windows NT users from mapping new drives or disconnecting
their existing drives by modifying the Registry. Begin by accessing the
registry key HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies|Explorer.
Next, add the value NoNetConnectDisconnect with a data type of REG_DWORD
and a value of 1. This value removes the Map Network Drive and Disconnect
Network Drive from the menu in Windows NT Explorer and from the shortcut menu
displayed when users right-click on the Network Neighborhood icon.
2. Security clear paging file at shutdown
If you set this to the Value Type REG_DWORD and a value of 1, all data in the
paging file will be cleared upon system Shutdown, however, it will not take
place until after the first reboot. This is a good security measure.
3. Use an answer file to automate installations on
If you need to install Windows NT on several
computers, you can configure unattended installations. What's required is
that you share the Windows NT CD-ROM on your network (typically on a
server) and create an answer file. The answer file contains all of
your answers to the questions you typically answer during the
installation. In order to help you create this answer file, Microsoft
included a wonderful utility called the Windows NT Setup Manager on the Windows
NT CD-ROM. You can use this utility to create the necessary files for
performing unattended installations.
Begin by copying the Setupmgr.exe file from the
\Support\Deptools\hardware_platform folder to your hard drive (replace
hardware_platform folder with either 1386 or Alpha). You might want to
copy this file to your \winnt folder. Next, double-click on the file to
run it. You'll now see a dialog box with three buttons--General,
networking, and Advanced Setup. When you click on the General Setup
button, you can define settings such as the licensing information (User Name and
Organization), computer name, product id, computer role (workstation in a
workgroup, workstation in a domain, server in a workgroup, server in a domain,
PDC , or BDC), the install directory (c:-winnt by default), time zone, and
licensing. You use the Networking Setup button to define the networking
card, protocols, network services, modem, and IIS settings you want to
use. Finally, you use the Advanced Setup button to specify the drivers you
want to install for the computer's mass storage device, display, keyboard, and
mouse. In addition, you can specify a different logo and caption to be
displayed during the installation. Once you've configured all of the
settings you want to use for your installation, save them by clicking on the
Save button. You can use any name for your answer file, but Setup Manager
automatically assigns an extension of .txt to the file.
When you're ready to install Windows NT on a computer, you
start the installation and tell Windows NT to use the answer file you created in
Setup Manager. For example, if you named your Setup Manager answer file
"answer.txt" and stored it in the share \\server\install,
start the installation by accessing the Windows NT Setup files and typing the
Winnt /u: \\server\install\answer.txt
4. Auto-completing directory path names for Windows
You can configure Windows NT to automatically complete
long directory path names for you (a feature that's always been available in
UNIX). Begin by editing your computer's Registry (run regedt32.exe).
Access the Registry Key
In the right-hand pane, double-click on the CompletionChar
value. By changing CompletionChar from 0 to 9, you configure Windows NT to
automatically complete paths for you in a Command Prompt window.